Karimganj District is located at the southern fringe of the state of Assam, in the North-east
India. Although various modes of communication to this district is available, due to the
remoteness from the mainland of India, the existing transportation and communication facility
is a major bottleneck in the development process of the district.
The major road link to the district is National Highway 44 which starts from Shillong in Meghalaya
and after passing through Karimganj, goes upto Agartala in Tripura state. It also provides a major
intra-district communication backbone as it covers a stretch of more than 83 Kms in this district.
After entering through Karimganj-Hailakandi border at Badarpurghat, it connects important places
like Badarpur, Karimganj Town, Nilambazar, Patherkandi, Lowairpoa etc, before entering Tripura at
Churaibari. Road link to the nearest major town Silchar is provided by N.H. 53. Besides, a new
National Highway 151 has been sanctioned for connecting Karimganj Town with Sutarkandi on the
Bangladesh. This is largely meant to facilitate border trade with Bangladesh by road. For details
on Road distances of Karimganj Town from various places, click
Road Distances from Karimganj Town (In Kms.)
The total road length in Karimganj district as on 31st March, 1998 was 1455.23 Kms. out of which
249.45 Kms. is metalled 1205.78 Kms. is kuchcha. These roads are built and maintained by various
organisations like BRO, PWD, NEC, Forest, DRDA, local bodies and so on.
For both goods and passenger transportation, road is the most widely used mode. Karimganj is well
connected by direct night service buses from Guwahati, Shillong, Aizwal etc. operated by many
operators, mostly private. Agartala is also connected through direct day service buses. Silchar,
Badarpur, Patherkandi, R.K. Nagar and other places are connected by various transports like bus,
minibus, utility vans etc.
In earlier times, rail communication used to be the most preferred mode of communication both
for passenger and cargo. In the pre-independance era, Karimganj Railway station was a major hub
of rail communication as the whole of Assam and present day North-east was connected by a major
rail link passing through present day Bangladesh. After independance of India, which was accompanied
by partition of the land, the main rail link was sealed and Karimganj railway junction lost much
of its importance. Even now, a train service is operated through this truncated rail-link from
Karimganj Junction to the border station of Mahishasan which is just at
a distance of 12 Kms.
Badarpur, in Karimganj district is still now the major railway junction and main hub in the
entire Barak Valley and southern Assam. Direct train services are available to Guwahati, Lumding,
Silchar, Dharmanagar-Kumarghat (in Tripura), Bhairabi (in Mizoram). Silchar-Badarpur-Karimganj-Dharmanagar
train service is also an important railway service, although with the rising popularityof the
road transport system, this has lost much of its importance in the last few years. Rail links also
exist between Karimganj and Dullavcherra through Baraigram Junction.
The Hill Section of the N.F. Railway, connecting Lumding and Badarpur is a major arterial rail link
of Barak Valley with the rest of the country. This single-track meter-gauge line passing through
tortuous hill tracks in North Cachar Hills plays a role of immense importance in the economy of
Karimganj District, and for that matter, for entire Barak Valley, Tripura, Mizoram and part of
Karimganj district does not have its own airport. However, the nearest airport at Kumbhirgram
(near Silchar - in cachar district) at a distance of 83 Kms. from Karimganj town (48 Kms. from
Badarpurghat) serves as the major communication link point for the people of Karimganj. Indian
Airlines (Alliance Air) operates flight services in the Silchar-Calcutta (6 days per week) and
Silchar-Imphal (3 days per week) routes from this airport.
River transportation link exists between Karimganj and Calcutta through Bangladesh. Central Inland
Water Transport Corporation maintains jetty and warehouse at Karimganj Town by the side of Kushiara
River for handling and storage of cargo carried by steamers by this route. Although this provides
a very cheap mode of cargo transportation, the service has largely been an irregular one.